The Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change on Wednesday shared the draft notification for regulations for the extended producer responsibility (EPR) for waste tires. If finalized, the rules will be effective from the coming financial year, IANS reported.
The draft notification mentions the EPR obligation for 2022-23 as 35 percent of the number of new tyres manufactured/imported in 2020-21. EPR obligation of 2023-24 will be 70 percent of the number of new tyres manufactured/imported in 2021-22 and the EPR obligation of 2024-25 would be 100 percent of the new tyres manufactured/imported in 2022-23.
Thereafter, the EPR obligation will be 100 percent of the number of new tires manufactured/imported in the year (Y-2) and units established after April 1, 2022, the EPR obligation will start after two years (Y) and will be 100 percent of the new tires manufactured/imported in the year (Y-2).
The producers and the recyclers of waste tyres would be covered under the EPR obligations. Registration would be compulsory, which would mean no entity – producer or recycler of waste tyre – can carry out any business without registration, according to the draft notification. This is an important development as much of the tyre waste recycling or burning happens in the unorganized sector in an unscientific manner.
‘Extended Producer Responsibility’ means the responsibility of the producer of tyres to ensure environmentally sound management of such waste tyres as per the provisions of this regulation, an official from the Ministry said, adding: “The term ‘Environmentally sound management of waste tyre’ means taking all steps required to ensure that waste tyre is managed in a manner, which shall protect health and environment against any adverse effects, which may result from such waste tyre.”
The draft notification was issued on December 31 under relevant provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, and the stakeholders and public have been asked to submit objections or suggestions within 60 days, after which it would be finalized.
Earlier, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) had constituted a committee for ‘Circular Economy in Tyre and Rubber Recycling Industry’ to prepare a comprehensive action plan for transformational change for managing waste tyres. The committee included the representatives of NITI Aayog, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, CPCB, National Highway Authority of India Ltd, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) among others.
The NGT had in 2019 directed the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to come up with a comprehensive waste management plan for the waste tyres and their recycling.
The waste tyres are recycled as reclaimed rubber, crumb rubber, crumb rubber modified bitumen (CRMB), recovered carbon black, and pyrolysis oil/char.
As per media reports from 2019, the petitioner in the NGT case had said that the pyrolysis industry in India produces inferior quality products that needed to be banned to prevent environmental damage and that the industry emits highly carcinogenic/cancer-causing pollutants, which are harmful to the respiratory system.
India discards roughly 2,75,000 tyres each year but does not have a comprehensive plan for them. Besides, about 3 million waste tyres are imported for recycling, says NGT.
Article source: The Dialogue
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